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江苏省太仓市2018年中考英语调研测试试题十四

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中考英语调研测试试卷 14

本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。共 7 大题,满分 100 分。考试用

时 100 分钟。

第Ⅰ卷(选择题,共 49 分)

注意事项:

1.答题前,考生务必先将自己的姓名、学校、考场号、座位号、考试证号用 0.5 毫米黑

色墨水签字笔填写在答题卡相对应的位置上,并用 2B 铅笔认真正确填涂考试证号下方的数

字;

2.答选择题必须用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,请用橡皮

擦干净后,再选涂其他答案;答非选择题必须用 0.5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔写在答题卡指定的

位置上,不在答题区域内的答案一律无效,不得用其他笔答题;

3.考生答题必须答在答题卡上,答在试卷和草稿纸上一律无效。

一、单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)

请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答

题卡上将该项涂黑。

1. If we sit near

front of the coach, we'll have

better view.

A.不填; the

B.不填; a

C. the; a

D. the; the

2.一 Excuse me,which movie are you waiting for?

一 The Fate of the Furious. We

here for more than two hours.

A. waited

B. wait

C. were waiting D. have waited

3. Reaching out

the rock, he suddenly heard a strange sound and was shaking

fear.

A. for; in

B. for; for

C. with; in

D. with; for

4. On Taobao,customers

return goods with no questions asked,but they

pay delivery(快递) costs.

A. can't; can

B. must; must

C. can; have to D. mustn't; can

5. Plenty of ideas were considered

the artist decided on the design of the

sculpture.

A. be fore

B. so

C. unless

D. because

6.一 It's getting dark,but Mr. Chen is still at his office.

一 No Surprise . Who else can

he does?

A. do less work than

B. work as hard as

C. work as hardly as

D. work hardly like

7. Yesterday our English teacher told us how great experiences

her life.

A. connected

B. respected

C. shaped

D. supported

8.

he has created! We are all proud of him.

A.What a great invention

B. How great invention

C. What great inveniion

D. H ow great the invention

9. Jane is used to looking for a while at

in the mirror before going out.

A. she

B. her

C. hers

D. herself

10. The weather report says it will be cloudy with a slight

of rain later

tonight.

A. scene

B. sense

C. change

D. chance

11. Enough sleep is very important for health. If you

for your favourite

progrannes,you will feel sleepy in class.

A. pick up

B. stay up

C. take up

D. give up

12. We are going on holiday to the southern part of Europe in the

week of

July.

A. two

B. twice

C. second

D. seconds

13. Many teenagers are curious about

.

A. why light travelled faster than sound

B. how did life on earth begin

C. when can Chinese land on the Moon

D. whether animals can survive on Mars

14.

it easier to stay in touch with us,you'd better keep this card at hand.

A. Made

B. To make

C. Making

D. Make

15.一 So you gave her your phone?



. She said she'd return it to me when she could afford her own.

A. My Pleasure B. Not exactly

C. Don't mention it D. All right

二、完形填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,

并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

People like summer for many reasons. The sun is always shining; and you just

feel better. Well,

the latter(后者)may be because you are 16 in this season. But do you know why?

According to a study, the activity of human genes(基因)changes with 17 ,

because of it, the immune(免疫)system of the human body changes,too,Scientists

studied genes from over 16,000 people living all over the world, 18 the United

Kingdom, the United States of America. Iceland and Australia. They found that the

activity of allllost a quarter of all human genes changed from winter to summer.

Some were more active in summer 19 others were more active in winter.

Changes in gene activity could 20 people's immune system. For example,

one gene,called ARNTL, was 21 more active in summer and less active in winter.

Earlier studies have already shown that this gene helps 22 inflammation(炎症)in

mice. If it works the same way in humans, that means 23 of inflammation will

be higher during winter and lower in summer in human bodies. We know than arthritis

and some heart diseases have 24 to do with inflammation. ARNTL's seasonal changes

may be the reason 25 those diseases often get worse in winter.

After reading this articte,will you wait for the arrival of summer?

16. A.busier

B.healthier

C.luckier

D.lazier

17. A.brains

B.moods

C.seasons

D.ages

18. A.including

B.without

C.between

D.beyond

19. A.if

B.since

C.after

D.while

20. A.discover

B.influence

C. mix

D.produce

21. A.found

B.made

C.kept

D.heard

22. A.gather

B.hide

C.spread

D.cure

23. A .values

B.voices

C.levels

D.prices

24. A.anything

B.nothing

C.everything

D.something

25. A.how

B.why

C.what

D.when

三、阅读理解(共 12 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 24 分)

请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,

并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Best talking animals in film

Here is a list of our favourite talking animals in film.

Mr. Fuzzypants from Nine Lives

Dug from Up

When Tom Brand, a successful Dug is the most lovable dog in

movie

businessman and absent father, history. After being given a

special collar

is turned into a ragdoll(布偶猫),(项圈)that gives him the ability

to talk, we

he must find a way to show his can finally hear what man's best

friend has

family who he really is.Watch to say!How could we

as Mr. Fuzzypants does pull-

forget owr favourite

ups to prove he is human. Let's line,"I was hiding

face it:This cat can make you

under your porch

laugh and we can't get enough of Mr. Fuzzypants!

because I love you. "

Remy from Ratatouille

Donkey from Shrek

Who said all talking

Donkey never stops talking…and we

mean

animas in film were cats NEVER, but we love him anyway. He has

and dogs? In Ratatouille, helped Shrek on his journey to save

Prin-

Remy the rat decides to cess Fiona.Shrek may find Donkey

annoy-

put his cooking skills to ing, but Donkey

use to help his friend in is loyal.What

one of Paris’ finest

more could you

restaurants.

want from a

donkey?

26. Which of the following talking animals was originally(原本)a human?

A.Mr. Fuzzypants.

B.Remy.

C.Dug.

D.Donkey.

27. Which of the following statements is false?

A.Mr. Fuzzypants is a funny ragdoll.

B.Dug can talk because of his talent.

C.Remy has wonderful cooking skills.

D.Donkey is a loyal friend to Shrek.

B

Hi,welcome to www howtomakedo. net!

It is good to bring our own bags while shopping. So more and

more people

are trying to make a handbag or tote bag. Here are some funny but

useful designs.

Make tote bags from a placemat: Lorain Blanken is good at DIY .

She shows easy instructions to make a placemat handbag by hand.

There may be lots of pretty ptacemats at your home. Just pick out

a nice one, and took for a handle(手柄). Just join the two sides together and fastewon

the handle, and that's finished!

T-shirt tote bags:Lorain Blanken also likes making T-shirt tote bags. It is made

from two T-shirts. She offers the way of joining the triangles together just by hand.

She is very smart. It only took her one night to make a T shirt tote bag fxom

two large T-shirts.

Dog or cat tote bags:Dog lovers finally have a use for all those large and strong

bags of dog food with instructions by Beverly Watkins to make a dog tote bag.

Cat lovers can also use larger bags of cat food to make a cat tote bag. We can

wash out the smell by hand or in the washing machine,and then dry them.

If you want to learn more different ways of making tote bags, click the button

"MORE".

28. Where can you probably read the passage?

A. In a DIY book.

B. In a science book.

C. On the Internet.

D. In a shopping mall.

29. Which of the following is the right order to make a tote bag from a placemat?

①fasten on the handle

②look for a handle

③join the two sides together

④pick out a nice placemat

A.②①③④

B.④②③①

C.②③①④

D.④③②①

30. The passage tells us that

.

A. we can use large and strong bags of cat food to make a cat tote bag

B. Lorain Blanken spent a whole day making a tote bag from two T shirts

C. it's much too difficult to make funny and useful tote bags by hand

D. we can only use placemats,T-shirts and bags of cat food to make tote bags

C That woman carried a new blanket over her arm and then she gave it to me. "Is it finished? "I asked. She shook her head. "No. It is ready, "she replied. I handed her the money and took the blanket. "How beautiful!It must be from a skillful hand! "I said to my mother. "But what did she mean when she said it was not finished? How can it be ready if it is not f nished? " "I will tell you later," my mother said,"but first I will take you to the Navajo village. " We went down to the village. A group of young men were making sand pictures. We walked around the whole village,watching the different things the people were doing.In the evening, my mother finally explained the Navajo woman’s words."Mary, did you notice anything about the things in the Navajo village?" my mother asked. "What should I have noticed? " I looked at her and asked. "One small part of everything is not complete. The designs in their sand pictures are often not perfectly done, for example 一 the line of a square may not quite close. If you look carefully at your blanket, you will probably find a stitch(一针)missing."

I took the blanket off, but it looked as perfect as any design could be. Then

suddenly, I noticed that a stitch was really missing!

"But why do the Navajo intentionally leave some tiny part unfinished? " I asked.

"They believe that when anything is completed or finished,it means the end has

come 一 it will not be perfect until then. They believe that they must leave‘the

door’open for the bad to run away and the good to come in. So,often, they do not

make the line close. "

31. Mary went to the village to

.

A. buy more things made by the Navajo

B. make friends with some of the

Navajo

C. watch different things the Navajo were doing D. have a deep understanding

of the Navajo

32. What does the underlined word "intentionally" mean in Chinese?

A.任性地

B.拖延地

C.有意地

D.拒绝地

33. Which of the following may the Navajo believe?

A. Everyone was born useful.

B. It's OK to be unfinished.

C. Nothing is perfect until the end.

D. Be thankful for who we are.

D

Real policemen can hardly tell any similarity between their lives and what they

see on TV.

The first difference is that a policeman’s real life is almost around criminal law.

He has to know

exactly what actions are crimes and what can be used to prove someone guilty and

lead him into prison. He has to know nearly as much law as a professional lawyer,

and what is more,he has to apply it on his feet, in the dark and rain,running down

a street after someone he wants to talk to.

Little of his time is spent in chatting.He will spend most of his working life

typing millions of words on thousands of forms about hundreds of sad,unimportant

people who are guilty of stupid crimes.

Most television crime drama is about finding the criminal:as soon as he's

arrested,the story is over. In real life,finding a criminal is seldom much of a

problem. Except in very serious cases like murders and terrorist attacks(恐怖袭

击),only a little effort is spent on searching.

Having made an arrest,a policeman really starts to work. He has to prove his

case so that he often has to look for a lot of different clues.

A third big difference between the drama policeman and the read one is the

unpleasant pressures:

first, as members of a police force,they always have to behave completely according

to the law. Secondly, as expensive public servants,they have to get results. They

can hardly ever do both. Most of the time some of them have to break the rules in

small ways.

If a policeman has to deceive(欺骗)the world,the world often deceives him.

Hardly anyone he meets tells him the truth.And most policemen feel the separation

between themselves and the rest of the world is deepened.Most citizens,social

workers, doctors, law-makers,and judges are in some ways simple-minded,they suggest

not punishing the criminals in a very strict way in the hope that this will make

them reform(改过自新). The result, most policemen feel is that nine-tenths of their

work is re-catching people who should have stayed prison. This makes them feel rather

bad.

34. Most crime drama on TV ends with

.

A. a terrorist attack

B. a criminal's arrest

C. another crime happening

D. the discovery of clues

35. Which of the following statements is true?

A. A policeman should be professional enough to know the law well.

B. A policeman needs to spend time chatting and typing on forms.

C. A policeman never searches unless some serious cases take place.

D. A policeman can break the rules in small ways in order to get results.

36. What can we infer from the underlined sentence?

A. Most policemen feel tired out.

B. Strong punishment causes crimes.

C. A policeman's work is boring.

D. only a few criminals will reform.

37. The passage mainly tells us

.

A. criminals should behave completely according to the law

B. people usually judge a policeman by his knowledge of law

C. there is separation between the police and the rest of the world

D. a policeman’s real life is different from what is shown on TV

第 II 卷(非选择题,共 51 分) 四、词汇检测(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
根据下列句子所给汉语注释或通过上下文,在答题卡标有题号的横线上,写出空缺处各 单词的正确形式。每空只写一词。

38. You'll see that the libraries here are much

(吵闹的)than the ones in London.

39. It is the

(总统)first public appearance to date. I've known nothing about

him before.

40. A report shows that the number of people using Wechat is

(增加)rapidly these

years.

41. As the old saying goes,"Old

(习惯)die hard." So start exercising before

it's too late!

42. In fact, it's his wife who

(粗心地)left the back door unlocked.

43. Captain Martin

(警告)him of the dangers of sailing alone every time he sets

out.

44. Watermelon is to fruit as bicycle is to

.

45.一 What does the Chinese saying "A tree can't make a forest" tell us?

一 It means team

is very important in a football match.

46.一 Look at the photo on the wall. It's beautiful.

一 Yes, it vas

when I was seven years old.

47.一 What do you usually do before breakfast?

一 I usually look

morning newspapers to know about what is happening these

days.

五、句子翻译(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分)

将下列句子译成英语,并将所译句子写在答题卡标有题号的横线上。

48.他真友善,和每个人友好相处。

49.据说他从未去苏州出差过。

50.直到邮票贴在封面上才能投递这封信。

51.你对每个星座代表什么感兴趣吗?

52.当我到的时候,他们正在为儿童节准备礼物。

六、阅读表达(共 3 小题,53 题 1 分,54 题 2 分,55 题 3 分,满分 6 分)

阅读下面的短文并用英语回答问题,并将答案写在答题卡上标有题号的横线上。

You run among crowded people in a railway station,only

to find that

the train has left. Do you feel depressed(沮丧的)?Probably.

But if you are in France,someone may play the piano for you.

It might be a performance of Chopin's Fantaisie-Impromptu

or the Pirates of the Caribbean theme song. To our surprise,

it is not performed by d paid musician or a street

entertainer asking for coins.Instead,a passer-by jams(即

兴演奏)on the piano in the station.

The national railroad company SNCF has put pianos in nearly 100 stations across

France. They are rented from Yamaha Corporation. The first piano was set up in the

Gare Montparnasse in Paris in 2012. The pianos have proved to be very popular. In 2014,the SNCF and Yamaha organized
a nationwide contest called "Your Turn to Play". It asked participants to upload(上 传)video clips of themselves using one of the pianos.At last, about 900 people took part in the contest.
So if you miss a train in France one day, perhaps someone will be playing your favourite piece,and that will reduce your anxiety(焦虑)a bit. Or perhaps you'll sit down, roll up your sleeves and play your sadness away yourself. 53. If you miss a train in France,who may play the piano for you?

54. Why has the company SNCF put pianos in nearly 100 stations across France?

55. If possible, would you like to jam on the piano in such stations? Why or why not?

七、书面表达(共 1 题;满分 20 分)

为了更好地了解中学生的课外阅读习惯,Suzhou Daily 对 2000 名初中生进行了一次调

查,情况如下表。请根据调查数据和结果,写一篇短文投稿给 Suzhou Daily 英语专栏,并

就初中生的阅读提出你的建议。

调查内容

调查情况

每年的阅读数量

42%的学生 5 本以下,80%以上的学生 1~2 本

喜欢的阅读材料

漫画、科幻故事、侦探故事、.........

阅读量少的原因

没兴趣,没时间,.........

你的建议

(考生自拟,至少两点)

注意:1.词数 90 左右.短文的开头己为你写好,不计入总词数;

2.短文须包括所有要点,不要逐词翻译,可适当发挥,使短文连贯、通顺;

3.短文中不得出现真实的人名、校名等相关信息。

参考词汇:科幻 science fiction

Recently we have conducted a survey of 2,000 junior students in order to learn

more about how students read in their spare time.



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